文章摘要
论预防型法治
Onthe Precautionary Rule of Law
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  预防型法治;应对型法治;预防原则;预防性治理;风险社会
英文关键词:  the precautionary rule of law; the responsive rule of law; precautionary principle; precautionary governance; risk society
基金项目:
作者单位
黄文艺  
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中文摘要:
      随着预防性法律制度和实践在全球范围蓬勃发展,预防已逐渐从新兴法律原则演变为新型法治形态。基于这一变化,可将法治形态分为预防型法治与应对型法治。应对型法治以法益损害的事后应对为根本考量,而预防型法治以法益损害的事前预防为根本宗旨。预防型法治与应对型法治不是相互取代、相互排斥的关系,而是长期共存、相互交融、相互促进的关系。在当代中国,预防型法治植根于本土源远流长的预防性治理传统,是本土传统和风险社会、科技革命交互作用的产物。预防型法治大规模扩展了法律权力圈、法律义务圈、法律责任圈、违法犯罪圈,重构重塑了法律规制的版图,推动了法律功能定位、法益保护方式、法律规范类型的历史性变革。为防范滥用预防、过度预防等风险,应加强对预防性规制的规制、对预防性权力的制约、对预防性义务的公平合理设置,构建起预防型法治的反省、评估、监控机制。
英文摘要:
      With the vigorous development of the precautionary legal system and related practice at the global level, the precautionary principle has gradually evolved into a new form of the rule of law. Based on this change, forms of the rule of law can be divided into the precautionary rule of law and the responsive rule of law. The responsive rule of law takes the ex-post response to legal interest damage as the fundamental consideration while the precautionary rule of law takes the ex-ante prevention of legal interest damage as the fundamental purpose. The precautionary rule of law and the responsive rule of law are not in the relationship of mutual replacement and mutual exclusion, but of long-term coexistence, integration and mutual promotion. The precautionary rule of law in contemporary China is rooted in the native tradition of precautionary governance, which has a long history, and is the product of the interaction among the native tradition, the risk society and the scientific and technological revolution. The precautionary rule of law has greatly expanded the circles of legal power, legal obligation, legal responsibility, and criminal behavior, reconstructed and reshaped the territory of legal regulation, and promoted historic changes in the positioning of legal functions, legal interests protection mode, and types of legal norms. To prevent the risk of abusing precaution and excessive precaution, it is necessary to strengthen the regulation of precautionary regulation, the restriction of precautionary power, and the fair and reasonable setting of precautionary obligations, and build the reflection, evaluation and monitoring mechanism for the precautionary rule of law.
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